2020八年级英语上册 Unit 3过去进行时when和while引导

2020八年级英语上册 Unit 3过去进行时when和while引导追求高中作文

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简介:专项语法讲练——过2020八年级英语上册Unit3过去进行时when和while引导的时间状语从句专项语法讲练去进行时及when和while引导的时间状语2020八年...

简介:专项语法讲练——过2020八年级英语上册 Unit 3过去进行时when和while引导的时间状语从句专项语法讲练去进行时及when和while引导的时间状语2020八年级英语上册 Unit 3过去进行时when和while引导的时间状语从句专项语法讲练从句 【概念引入】 Tom: I got a traffic2020八年级英语上册 Unit 3过去进行时when和while引导的时间状语从句专项语法讲练 ticket this afternoon. Lily: Were you parking in t2020八年级英语上册 Unit 3过去进行时when和while引导的时间状语从句专项语法讲练he wrong place? Tom: No, I was driving too fast. L2020八年级英语上册 Unit 3过去进行时when和while引导的时间状语从句专项语法讲练ily: How fast were you going? Tom: 55 in a 35 mile per hour zone. Lily: Why were you in such a hurry? Tom: I left school late and I was trying to get home before the rush hour. Lily: Did you make it? Tom: No, when the police officer was giving me the ticket, the rush hour started. It took me twice as long to get home. 【点睛】 请注意以下有特殊标注的地方,这几个句子用的都是过去进行时。 1. Were you parking in the wrong place? 2. No, I was driving too fast. 3. How fast were you going? 4. I was trying to get home before the rush hour. 5. No, when the police officer was giving me the ticket… 【译文】 Tom: 今天下午我被开罚单了。 Lily: 你违章停车了吗? Tom: 不,我超速了。 Lily: 你车速多少迈? Tom: 在限速35英里每小时的地区开了55迈。 Lily: 你为什么这么匆忙? Tom: 我离开学校晚了,我想在高峰时间前到家。 Lily: 你做到了吗? Tom: 没有,当警察给我开罚单的时候,高峰时间开始了。我用了(平时)两倍的时间才到家。 【用法讲解】 一、什么是过去进行时? (1) 表示过去某时正在进行的状态或动作。例如: They were singing songs from seven to nine last night. 昨天晚上七点到九点的时候他们一直在唱歌。 ? What was he doing all day last Sunday? 上周日他一整天都在干什么? ?(2) 由when 引导的时间状语从句,表示过去某一时刻,当一个动作发生时,另一个动作正在 进行;或某一动作正进行时,突然发生另外一件事。例如: It was raining when they arrived at the station. 他们到达车站的时候,天正在下雨。 My brother was riding his bicycle when he fell off and hurt himself. 我哥哥在骑自行车时,突然从车上摔了下来并受了伤。 ?(3) 由while 引导的时间状语从句,常表示在过去某一时刻发生的事情是可延续的或同时发生的,此时,主从句的动词都可用过去进行时。例如: ? He was selling the newspaper while he was waiting for the bus. 他边等车边卖报。 My mother was cooking while I was watching TV. 妈妈做饭时我在看电视。 二、过去进行时的标志词: 与过去进行时经常连用的时间状语有:this morning, from nine to ten, last night, when, while等。 三、过去进行时的基本句式结构: (1)肯定式:主语 + was / were + V-ing + 其它。例如: I was waiting for you from eight to ten yesterday morning. 昨天早晨从八点到十点我都一直在等你。 (2)否定式:主语 + was / were not + V-ing + 其它。例如: I wasn’t playing football at three last Sunday. 上周日三点我不是在踢足球。 (3) 疑问式:Was / Were + 主语 + V-ing + 其它?例如: What were you doing at that time? 那时你在干什么? 四、英语中有四类动词一般不用进行时: (1) 表心理状态、情感的动词,如:love; hate; like; care; respect; please; prefer; know等。 (2) 表存在、状态的动词,如:appear; exist; lie; remain; stand; seem等。 (3) 表感觉的动词,如:see; hear; feel; smell; sound; taste等。 (4) 表一时性的动词,如:accept; allow; admit; decide; end; refuse; permit; promise等。 例如: I was falling asleep at 8: 00 last night. (╳) ? I fell asleep at 8: 00 last night. (√) ?昨晚我八点睡着的。 I wasn’t believing him. (╳) ? I didn’t believe him. (√) ? 我不相信他。 I was deciding what to do at that moment. (╳) ? I decided what to do at that moment. (√) ? 那时我决定怎样去做。 2 更多>> 简介:Unit 4 Our World 句式精讲精练 【句式精讲】 1. What are you thinking about? (1) think about意为“考虑;就……思考”。此时think about与think of意思相近,可以互换。例如: Are you thinking about the question? 你在考虑那个问题吗? What are you thinking about? 你在想什么? (2) What do/did sb. think of…? 这是询问某人对某事(人)的看法常用的句型,意为“……认为……怎么样?”,答语往往是对某物(人)的评价。例如: — What do you think of the book written by him? 你认为他写的那本书怎么样? — It is very good. 很好。 (3) What do you think of…?可以和How do you like…?互换。例如: What do you think of the film?=How do you like the film? 你认为这部电影怎么样? 2. But now they have less and less land to live on. 本句中less是little的比较级,less and less意为“越来越少”。形容词/副词的比较级+and+形容词/副词的比较级,这种句型表示事物本身程度的逐渐增长,意思是“越来越……”。 例如: ? ?longer and longer 越来越长;? more and more beautiful 越来越漂亮。 Summer is coming. The weather is getting hotter and hotter. 夏天来了,天气变得越来越热了。 【拓展】另两种表示比较的句型: (1)“The +形容词/副词的比较级+主语+谓语,the +形容词/副词的比较级+主语+谓语”。这个句型是形容词/副词比较级的叠加用法,表示一方的程度随着另一方的程度平行增长,意思是“越……,(就)越……”。例如: The more careful you are, the fewer mistakes you’ll make. 你越小心,出现的问题就越少。 (2)as+形容词/副词的原级+as... 这个句型表示同级比较,即比较的结果是一样的,在as和as的中间用形容词或副词的原级。在否定句中既可以用not as...as...,也可以用not so... as...,表示前者不如后者。例如: ? He is as tall as my brother. 他和我的弟弟一样高。 ? It is not as/ so warm as it was yesterday. 今天不如昨天暖和。 3. Because animals are our friends. They make us happy. make + sb.+ 形容词,make是谓语动词,sb.是make的宾语,后面的形容词在此作宾语补足语。例如: Rainy days make me sad. 雨天让我很悲伤。 What he said made the teacher angry. 他说的话让老师很生气。 【拓展】 (1)make +sb.+ 过去分词,此处的过去分词相当于形容词作宾补。例如: Waiting for him in the rain made me annoyed. 在雨中等他让我很烦。 (2)make + sb.+动词原形,此处的动词原形也叫省略to的不定式作宾补。例如: Sad movies always make me cry. 伤感的电影经常让我哭泣。 Loud music makes her want to dance. 高声的音乐让她想跳舞。 (3)be made to+动词原形,此处是make的被动语态,要还原动词不定式的to,即be made to do sth.意为“被使做某事”。例如: The boss made him work for 15 hours a day. →He was made to work for 15 hours a day by the boss. 老板使他一天工作15个小时。 4. It’s a little cheaper. a little可以用作副词,修饰形容词、副词、形容词或副词的比较级、动词以及介词短语,表示“有点,稍稍”。例如: He is a little tired. 他有点累了。 You should walk a little faster. 你应该走快一点。 She was only a little over fifty years old. 她才五十多一点。 【拓展】 a little与a bit的辨析: (1)a little可修饰形容词或副词(包括比较级);可直接修饰不可数名词;用于否定句时,not a little表示“非常,十分”,相当于very。例如: We may need a little help. 我们也许需要一点帮助。 ... 更多>> 简介:形容词和副词的比较级与最高级 I. 写出下列形容词与副词的比较级及最高级形式。 1. long _________ _________ 2. wide _________ _________ 3. fat _________ _________ 4. heavy_________ _________ 5. far _________ _________ 6. interesting _________ _________ 7. wet_________ _________ 8. hot _________ _________ 9. nice _________ _________ 10. much _________ _________ II. 用所给词的正确形式填空。 1. Of the two girls, I find Lucy the _______ (clever) one. 2. Gold(黄金) is ______ (little) useful than iron(铁). 3. My sister is two years _______ (old) than I. 4. The boy is not so ______ (interesting) as his brother. 5. Dick sings _____ (well), she sings ______(well) than John. 6. She will be much ______ (happy) in her new house. 7. She is _________(calm) than her friend. 8. Lucy is the _________(outgoing) of the two girls. 9. This room is not as _________(big) as that one. 10. He lives _________(far) away from the school than I do. 11. Tom is _____________ (tall) of the three. 12. Li Lei is _____________ (young) boy in his class. 13. I think English is _____________ (interesting) of all the subjects . 14. David has_____________ (many) story books of all the students. 15. Li Lei speaks English _____________ (well) in his group. 16. Lucy runs _____________(slow) in her class. 17. This is _______________(difficult) book in my bag. 18. Which is ____________(far) of the three places? 19. The Changjiang River is one of _________(long) rivers in the world. 20. Which city is ___________ (beautiful), Xi’an, Beijing or Nanjing? III. 句型转换,每空一词。 1. Basketball is more popular than football in the USA. (改为同义句) Football is _________ _________ popular as basketball in the USA. 2. Tom is tall. Jim is short.(合并为一句) Tom is _________ _________ Jim. 3. Mike is not as quiet as his brother.(改为同义句) Mike’s brother is _________ _________ Mike. 4. I’m athletic. He’s athletic, too. (合并为一句) I am _________ _________ _________ he is. 5. My dictionary isn’t so thick as yours. My dictionary is _________ than yours. IV. 完成句子,每空一词。 1. 我的哥哥比你高。 My brother is _________ _________ you. 2. 他不如他的弟弟外向。 He isn’t _________ _________ _________ his brother. 3. 我想我比杰克高一点。 I think I am _________ _________ _________ than Jack. 4. 春天来了,天气越来越暖和了。 Spring is coming, it gets _________ _________ _________. 5. 你学习越努力,成绩就会越好。 _________ _________ you study, _________ _________ grades you will get. 6. 那个短发的女孩是我们班最高的。 The girl with short hair is __________ __________ in our class. 7. 今天是一年中最热的一天。 Today is __________ __________ day of the year. 8.中国第二大城市是哪座城市? Which is __________ __________... 更多>> 简介:Unit 4 Our World 综合能力演练 I. 单项选择 1. —Kangkang, can I borrow your bike? —_______ A. I’d love to. B. Thank you. C. Sure. D. You’re welcome. 2. —Excuse me, Maria. These are new words. Can you help me _______ in the dictionary? —Certainly. A. look it up B. look up it C. look up them D. look them up 3. —We can use QQ to chat online. —Really? Could you please show me _______ it? A. what to do B. how to do C. when to do D. why to do 4. What a good boy! He_______ every Sunday volunteering at an old person’s home. A. spends B. gives C. uses D. takes 5. —Now the air in our hometown is even _______ than it was before. —So we must do something to stop it. A. dirty B. better C. worse D. cleaner 6. Pens are helpful to humans. Students use pens for _______. A. write B. writes C. wrote D. writing 7. There _______ some forests here ten years ago. But now we can see nothing. A. used to have B. used to be C. is used to be D. was used to have 8. The students think English is very important, so they try _______ it well. A. learn B.to learn C. learning D.to learning [真题链接] 1. —How can we protect ourselves ________ the earthquake? —We should stay calm first. A. with B. about C. for D. from 2. —The picture is, I have to say, not a bit beautiful. —Why? It’s ________ than the pictures I have ever seen. A. far more beautiful B. much less beautiful C. no more beautiful D. any less beautiful 3. —Bob, where is Linda? —She be in the library, but I am not sure. A. must B. may C. need D. has to II. 阅读理解 A Many people are interested in UFOs and there are a lot of reports about them. One report of UFOs came from a British plane on its way from New York to London in 1954.The British plane was flying over an island at 19,000 feet when the captain(机长) noticed that something was on their left and a little lower(更低) than their plane. It was about five miles away. “It was not one object but several ones.” the captain said, “We saw one large and six smaller objects. I sent out a radio report about them and I got some information that the other planes were coming out to meet us. Before the planes arrived, the smaller objects went into the big object. The big object then became smaller and moved away fast.” 1. A British plane flew to _______ in 1954. A. Now York B. London C. Beijing D. Sydney 2. There was something on the _______ of the plane. A. above B. middle C. left D. right 3. The captain saw _______ in the sky. A. there was something higher than their plane B. there was one large object and six smaller objects C. the big object disappeared at once D. all of above 4._______ would come to meet them. A. The other planes B. The other captains C. A UFO D. The radio 5. This passage is mainly about _______. A. the radio B. a British plane C. seven... 更多>> 简介:Unit 4 Our World 综合能力演练 I. 单项选择 1. Ann used the computer for shopping, _______? A. used she B. usedn’t she C. did she D. didn’t she 2. You must _______ the traffic lights when you cross the road. A. pay attention to B. pay attentions to C. pay attention on D. pay attentions on 3. —How many students are there in your school? —_______ students, I think. A. Thousand of B. Three thousands C. Three thousand D. Three thousands of 4. —Why do you like living in the countryside? —Because there’s _______ noise and _______ cars there. A. less; fewer B. fewer; less C. less; less D. fewer; fewer 5. Don’t make me _______ the clothes. I’m too tired! A. washing B. to wash C. wash D. washed 6. —I think dumplings are _______ more delicious than noodles. —I don’t agree with you. A. much B. very C. too D.so 7. —My aunt goes to climb Mount Gu every Sunday. —Oh? But she _______ hate climbing mountains. A. used to B. use to C. uses to D.is used to 8. Your classroom is so dirty. Everyone should keep it _______. A. dry B. open C. quiet D. clean 9. —Wow, your school is great! —It is _______ school in the city. A. much more beautiful B. much beautiful C. the most beautiful D. beautiful 10. Blue whales are the largest and heaviest animals in the world, but they _______ the smallest sea animals. A. feed in B. live in C. feed on D. fed on [真题链接] 1. I was looking for a birthday gift for my mother, but I couldn’t find ______ suitable. A. something B. anything C. nothing D. everything 2. —Excuse me, may I keep the book a little longer? —Sorry. You ________ return it today. A. must B. mustn't C. can D. can't 3. —______ will the fog and haze last? — I’ve no idea. There is no sign of an end. A. How soon B. How far C. How long D. How often II. 完形填空 We live in the“computer age”. Long ago computers couldn’t do 1 .They were very big and 2 .They used a lot of energy(能量). Only a few people were 3 in them. Today computers are 4 and cheaper. They can 5 difficult work. Computers have 6 important for many reasons. They work faster and make fewer mistakes. They can remember much information. A computer can work out millions of problems 7 a few seconds. A person might need years 8 so many problems. People now use computers in nearly every kind of work. Computers are very useful and the 9 of computers is growing. More computers mean more jobs for people, 10 people need to run(操作) and mend them. Would you like to learn how to run a computer? 1. A. many B. much C. a lot of D. lots of 2. A. cheap B. cheaper C. expensive D. more expensive 3. A. interest B. interesting C. interests D. interested 4. A. small B. smaller C. big D. bigger 5. A. do B. make C. turn D. eat 6. A. turn B. got C. is D. becom... 更多>>

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